Lumpy skin disease

Lumpy skin disease is a highly infectious viral disease that affects all breeds of cattle and water buffalo. It does not affect other types of livestock or humans.

It is primarily spread by biting insects such as mosquitoes, biting flies and possibly ticks. It can also be spread through direct contact between animals via secretions and excretions.

Contaminated feed, water, vehicles and iatrogenic means (eg repeated use of needles on different animals) can all spread the disease. Lumpy skin disease may be shed in semen and may be present in milk of infected animals.

Lumpy skin disease is a nationally notifiable disease. This means an animal showing suspect signs of the disease must be reported to a Local Land Services District Veterinarian on 1300 795 299 or the Emergency Animal Disease Watch Hotline on 1800 675 888.

Signs of lumpy skin disease

Lumpy skin disease affects cattle and buffalo. Signs may include:

  • skin nodules turning into abscesses and scars are most obvious
  • nose and eye discharge
  • enlarged lymph nodes
  • fever
  • production losses.

What does lumpy skin disease look like?

Following are a collection of images with the symptoms of lumpy skin disease. More are available at the Animal Health Australia website.

Lumpy skin disease in cattle - Skin nodules

Lumpy skin disease in cattle - Skin nodules (Image: Dr Deepak Subedi)

Lumpy skin disease in cattle - Skin nodules

Lumpy skin disease in cattle - Skin nodules (Image: Dr Deepak Subedi)

Lumpy skin disease in cattle - Skin nodules

Lumpy skin disease in cattle - Skin nodules (Image: Dr Deepak Subedi)

Lumpy skin disease in cattle - Skin nodules

Lumpy skin disease in cattle - Skin nodules (Image: Dr Deepak Subedi)

Lumpy skin disease in cattle - Nose and eye discharge

Lumpy skin disease in cattle - eye and nose discharge (Image: Dr Deepak Subedi)

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