Pigs and other livestock

In NSW, there are many other livestock industries important to the Australian economy. These include:

  • pigs
  • poultry
  • honey bees.

Detailed facts sheets and information can be found on the Department of Primary Industries website.


NSW is the largest producer and exporter of pork and pork products in Australia. There are around 500 commercial piggeries in NSW with roughly 90,000 sows.

If you plan to start a new piggery or expand an existing unit, you must first contact the Planning Department of your Local Council for information on how to lodge a Development Application (DA) under the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979.

For more information on this, visit the Australian Pork Limited (APL) website.

For more information on pigs, read the APL factsheet and the Department of Primary Industries website.

Pigs and swill feeding

Did you know that swill feeding is illegal in Australia? Swill feeding is the traditional term used to describe the offering of food waste to pigs.

Swill feeding was once a common practice to reduce the costs of feeding. This practice is now banned in all states and territories including New South Wales. The ban was implemented to reduce the risk of a serious exotic disease breakout in Australia. Swill feeding was found to be the cause of the devastating Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) outbreak in the United Kingdom in 2001.

Our Biosecurity Officers carry out regular inspections of piggeries, a role vital in protecting our pork industry and markets.

There are significant penalties if convicted of supplying and/ or feeding prohibited substances to pigs. To avoid the possibility of incurring these penalties, it's vital that you know what food waste is allowed to be fed to all pigs, farmed or pet.

Some food waste is classed as 'prohibited substance' which means it's illegal to feed to pigs in Australia.


  • pies, sausage rolls, bacon & cheese rolls, pizza, deli meats, table scraps, etc
  • any carcass (mammal or bird)
  • the excreta or droppings of any mammal or bird
  • household, commercial or industrial waste
  • used cooking oil or fat or any substance that has been in contact or in the same container or storage facility as any of the prohibited substances.


  • non-meat bakery items
  • fruit and vegetables
  • cereals
  • milk, milk products and milk by-products of either Australian origin or legally imported into Australia
  • eggs.

It's also important to ensure that food substances you're feeding your pigs are clean and not contaminated with either antibiotic or pesticide residues.

Everyone has a role to play, whether you run a commercial piggery, have a pet pig or work in the food industry you need to know what you can feed to pigs and how to dispose of feed waste appropriately.

Keeping, moving or selling pigs in NSW

To keep a pig on a property you must have a Property Identification Code (PIC). For more information on applying for your PIC, contact us.

PigPass NVD

Pigs moving to a saleyard, another property or an abattoir require a PigPass National Vendor Declaration (NVD) to accompany them.

For more information or to order your PigPass NVD form, visit Pig Pass.


Pigs moving to a saleyard, another property or an abattoir must be branded with a swine brand if they weigh more than 25 kg and are changing ownership.

Brands are:

  • carbon ink
  • applied to one or both shoulders
  • based on the Property Identification Code (PIC) of the property the pigs were last on.

If your property does not have its own swine brand, contact us to discuss purchasing a brand for your property.

NLIS accredited ear tags

NLIS accredited ear tags for pigs are either yellow or orange and are printed with a property’s unique PIC, the NLIS logo and ‘P’ inside a circle.

These ear tags are used to permanently identify pigs less than 25 kg liveweight and may be used as an option for identifying pigs greater than 25 kg if a brand is unavailable.

Contact your local rural supplier for ordering tags.

For more information visit DPI website for the eight step guide to moving and selling pigs factsheet.


The NSW poultry industry is an important part of the agricultural sector for Australian farming. It produces meat, eggs and other quality products such as goose down.

Various breeds of fowls, ducks, turkeys, geese, quail and pheasants are kept in domestic or farm environments.

For more information on the poultry industry in NSW and how to manage your poultry stock, visit the Department of Primary Industries website.

Honey bees

Australian honey bees play a vital role in agriculture. Not only do they produce honey and beeswax, but they pollinate a vast number of food crops. Beekeeping is a unique primary industry, as it depends on native flora for the majority of the production.

Beekeepers in NSW must comply with government registration to maintain disease and pest control.

For more information on the honey bee industry in NSW, visit the Department of Primary Industries website.

How Local Land Services can assist you

Local Land Services works with Australian farmers to provide support, advice and best practise examples to increase productivity for all livestock sectors.

We work closely with organisations such as the Department of Primary Industries to provide up-to-date technical advice and support for farmers and industries.

Our co-development of strategic plans on biosecurity and welfare aims to better the health of your livestock industry and protect the environment for the future.

If you’d like to know more about how we help, please contact us.

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